Additional Positive Interim Data from Phase I/II Trial of REGENXBIO'S RGX-111 for the Treatment of Severe MPS I Presented at WORLDSymposium™
- RGX-111 is an investigational AAV Therapeutic for the treatment of severe MPS I that is part of
REGENXBIO'sclinical-stage pipeline of neurodegenerative disease programs
- RGX-111, a potential one-time gene therapy for MPS I, continues to be well-tolerated across two dose levels, with no drug-related serious adverse events
- New biomarker and neurodevelopmental data continue to indicate encouraging CNS profile in patients dosed with RGX-111
- Company is on track to manufacture commercial-scale cGMP material to support the continued development of RGX-111
"RGX-111 is our second-most advanced clinical candidate in our neurodegenerative disease pipeline and is part of our '5x'25' strategy to have five gene therapies either on the market or in late-stage development by 2025. We are encouraged to see that this potential one-time gene therapy using our NAV AAV9 vector continues to demonstrate compelling evidence of CNS biomarker activity," said
"There is a great need for new treatment options that provide lasting expression of the IDUA enzyme and the reduction of glycosaminoglycans in the central nervous system," said
RGX-111 is an investigational one-time gene therapy designed to deliver the gene that encodes the IDUA enzyme using the AAV9 vector. RGX-111 is administered directly to the central nervous system (CNS). The primary endpoint of the trial is to evaluate the safety of RGX-111. Secondary and exploratory endpoints include biomarkers of IDUA enzyme activity in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), serum and urine, neurodevelopmental assessments, and caregiver reported outcomes. Patients were treated across two dose cohorts: 1.0x1010 genome copies per gram (GC/g) of brain mass (n=2) and 5.0x1010 GC/g of brain mass (n=6). In the single-patient IND for RGX-111, a severe MPS I patient was dosed with 1x1010 GC/g of brain mass.
Data Summary and Safety Data
RGX-111 continued to be well-tolerated in the single-patient IND with no drug-related SAEs as of
CSF Biomarker Data
Data from patients in the Phase I/II trial and the single-patient IND indicate positive IDUA biomarker activity in the CNS following one-time administration of RGX-111. Heparan sulfate (HS) is a glycosaminoglycan (GAG) that is a key biomarker of IDUA enzyme activity. In the Phase I/II trial, a decrease in CSF HS was observed through the last timepoint available in the majority of patients following administration of RGX-111. Measurable CSF IDUA enzyme activity was detected after RGX-111 administration in four of the five Phase I/II trial patients and in the single patient IND participant.
Patients in the Phase I/II trial and the single-patient IND demonstrated encouraging continued neurodevelopmental skill acquisition, as measured by age and developmentally appropriate validated instruments for neurodevelopmental testing, including the Bayley Scales of
All five patients assessed with BSID-III demonstrated continued developmental skill acquisition on all subsets (cognition, expressive language and fine motor). At the last assessment, four of the five patients had function ≥ -2 standard deviations of the normative mean on the cognition, expressive language and fine motor subtests. Cognitive function in a Phase I/II trial patient and the single IND patient was higher than the age equivalent scores in the available natural history data.
One patient in Cohort 1 who entered the trial at 13 years old demonstrated neurodevelopmental improvements as measured by the WASI-II and showed improvement in the majority of subdomains of the VABS-III at approximately 18 months after RGX-111 administration.
Systemic Biomarker Data
Evidence of systemic biomarker activity was observed in patients in both cohorts of the Phase I/II trial and the single-patient IND. Patients who had elevated baseline levels of I0S6 in plasma, a key biomarker of IDUA enzyme activity in MPS I patients, demonstrated decreases in I0S6 levels following administration of RGX-111. In addition, the majority patients dosed with RGX-111 maintained low levels of total urine GAGs at the last timepoint available.
The study findings presented at the WORLDSymposium are available under the Presentations & Publications page in the Media section of the company's website, located at www.regenxbio.com.
RGX-111 is designed to use the AAV9 vector to deliver the α-l-iduronidase (IDUA) gene to the central nervous system (CNS). Delivery of the IDUA gene within the cells in the central nervous system (CNS) could provide a permanent source of secreted IDUA beyond the blood-brain barrier, allowing for long-term cross-correction of cells throughout the CNS. By providing rapid IDUA delivery to the brain, RGX-111 could potentially help prevent the progression of cognitive deficits that otherwise occurs in MPS I patients. RGX-111 has received orphan drug product, rare pediatric disease and Fast Track designations from the
About Mucopolysaccharidosis Type I (MPS I)
MPS I is a rare autosomal recessive genetic disease caused by a deficiency in the lysosomal enzyme alpha-L-iduronidase (IDUA), leading to an accumulation of glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) including heparan sulfate (HS) in tissues which ultimately results in cell, tissue, and organ dysfunction, including in the central nervous system (CNS). This can include excessive accumulation of fluid in the brain, spinal cord compression, and cognitive impairment. MPS I is estimated to occur in 1 in 100,000 births. Current disease modifying therapies for MPS I include hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) and enzyme replacement therapy with a recombinant form of human IDUA administered intravenously. However, intravenous enzyme therapy does not treat the CNS manifestations of MPS I, and HSCT can be associated with clinically significant morbidity and mortality. Key biomarkers of IDUA enzymatic activity in MPS I patients include its substrate heparan sulfate (HS), which has been shown to correlate with neurocognitive manifestations of the disorder.
About REGENXBIO Inc.
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